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Semantic Web- A Brief Overview of Web 3.0

Semantic Web- A Brief Overview of Web 3.0

13 Mar 2023

In simplest words, the Semantic Web or Web 3.0 is an extension of the traditional world wide web (www). It is a technique for making machines intelligent enough to understand and quickly process complex human queries. The semantic web does this by linking data across web pages, files, and applications. Tim Berners-Lee, the founder of the world wide web wanted to introduce this technology even back in 1989. However, at that time, the machines were not powerful enough to deal with large bulks of data.

Resultantly, he halted the invention of this technology paradigm for the future. Then, in 2006, finally, the efforts in this direction proved to be fruitful with the introduction of Web 3.0. In this blog, we will simply try to explore the basics of the semantic web. By going through it, even a naive reader would be able to understand what it really is and what are its capabilities. So let us begin with our discussion.

Explanation of the Semantic Web

Semantic web technology was solely introduced to make complex human queries machine-readable. Today, it finds extensive usage in search engines so that they can produce the most accurate results. It has more to do with the meaning of the data at hand rather than its structure. The previous web technologies focused more on the structure of the data. This is what differentiates Web 3.0 from the previous versions of the web. Also, this technology can easily handle huge amounts of data. This is exactly why it is so easy these days to query search engines about absolutely anything. The targeted search engine will display relevant search results to you within a matter of a few nanoseconds. 

Main Components of the Web 3.0

There are 5 basic components of the semantic web which are as follows:

  • Uniform Resource Identifier (URI)- This provides a linkage to the data present on a specific webpage. 
  • Extensible Markup Language (XML)- XML is used for structuring the data on a page in a machine-readable format.
  • Resource Description Framework (RDF)- This framework provides guidelines for describing all the different entities and the relationships between them.
  • Web Ontology Language (OWL)- This provides a way to formalize the knowledge about the different entities. OWL usually tries to explain all those entities in a better way, that are generally harder to formalize.
  • SPARQL Query Language- Finally, as the name suggests, this language is used to search for stored data with the help of query parsing. 

Significance of the Semantic Web

The semantic web technology has indeed brought a revolution in the world of the web. We see it being extensively used in SEO to rank websites higher in search results. Apart from this, it can be used to provide limited access to data. For example, we see many people filling out their personal information in online forms for different purposes. What if any of the companies, they are providing their information to, face a security breach? It means that certainly their personal information will be compromised. To address this issue, the semantic web comes with the solution of sharing access to the user’s data rather than the data itself. Later on, this access can easily be revoked. 

Moreover, Web 3.0 allows you to create extremely smart content infrastructures. You can extract more valuable insights from the available data with the help of this technology. It has basically made content creation and utilization more useful and effective than ever before. It means that no matter what business we are operating today, we cannot overlook the importance of semantic web technology.

Concluding Remarks

This article provides a general overview of Web 3.0 technology and its overall impact on the technological world. If you want to match your pace with technological advancements, then you must have a basic understanding of all this. However, if you need any further assistance in this domain, then Folium AI is there at your service.

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